Humic acid and fulvic acid in general
Their common characteristic, without exaggeration, is that they are essential to life, as are water and oxygen. Below we explain exactly why.
Humic acid
Humic acid-correctly, it is actually humic acid, because humic acids include several compounds — occurs mainly in humus found in soil, but can also be found in coal, especially lignite. In general, the higher the humus content in the soil, the more fertile it is. The beneficial effects of humus are largely due to humic acids, but this is not only good for plants, but also for humans.

It can protect us from harmful influences, just like it can protect plants. This is why humic acids are separated from humus and included in dietary supplements.

Humic acids effectively strengthen the immune system, can treat various viral infections and can be used for general roboration after a serious illness.
Fulvic acid
Again, the colloquial word "fulvic acid" needs to be corrected, in this case it is also a group of compounds, so the correct name is "fulvic acids".

Fulvic acids work very similarly to humic acids. However, fulvic acids are better able to adapt, adapt. Their molecular structure allows them to exert their positive effects where and where they need to be. Fulvic acids act sometimes as antioxidants and sometimes as electrolytes, but they are still able to transport nutrients, hydrate, catalyze enzymes, stimulate metabolism, improve absorption, and bind to heavy metals.

In soil, fulvic acids regulate pH, promote germination, improve plant respiration, promote chlorophyll synthesis and root growth. In the presence of fulvic acids, plants are less prone to wilting and better withstand weather stress. They improve their drought tolerance, become more resistant to insect infestations and can neutralize the effects of herbicides.

Humic acids can save soils, plants and even be used in feed
Humic acids are the food for soil-dwelling microorganisms and thus increase their activity and reproduction. They play a very important role in the nutrition of plants, either by improving the soil structure or by applying it as a leaf fertilizer. It is easy to apply and helps to block heavy metals in the soil, uptake nutrients for plants, proliferate beneficial micro-organisms in the soil (which are responsible for nutrient exploration), restore soil pH and pH, and help stop soil acidification.

They are characterized by being composed of molecules of large size and mass. The area of their application is mainly the soil, the root zone of plants. Humic substances are formed in the millennia-old decomposition processes of biomass of plant origin, during the humification of plants. The humic family includes the biologically active and highly valuable humic acids and fulvic acids, which contain at least 70 types of minerals in their own right, all of which can be absorbed in a bio-usable form. These long-chain organic macromolecules with special properties can be extracted from turf from homogeneous Carboniferous vegetation.

Humic acids can be used as soil improvers and plant fertility enhancers

The use of brown coal, lignite and similar organic minerals with a high humic acid content as soil improvers and plant fertility enhancers has a history of a few decades. In the United States, the agricultural applicability of mined lignite began to be addressed in the 1960s. In addition to living organisms (plant roots, soil flora and fauna), there is also a significant amount of inanimate organic matter in the soil (about 85 percent). These chemically heterogeneous macromolecular substances, rich in functional groups, are also found in soils, turf, surface and groundwater, and in younger carbon forms (leonardite). Humic substances are not chemically uniform, but are mixtures of macromolecules of different sizes with similar structures and properties within certain limits. The different humus formation produced molecules with highly diverse fractions in functional groups and structurally strongly different.
The importance of humic acids in agriculture
The special role of humic acids in nature is that they form moderately strong bonds with important nutrients for plants, from which plants can easily absorb the nutrient. At the same time, they build strong complexes with poisonous metals that plants cannot break. Thus, they are inactivated in the soil and in the living organism. Because humic acids form bonds with metal ions, they are also responsible for complexing with amino acids, peptides, carbohydrates, and steroids. Humic acids carry out the removal of heavy metals from tissues. Humic acids behave in biological systems as electron and oxygen transfer molecules. Thus, they are directly involved as catalysts in cellular respiration processes, thereby accelerating it. Thus, they cause more energy to be released in the cells. This is the basis of their biostimulator effect, which is of a general nature and acts on the entire metabolism of the plant.
Humic acids always have an optimal concentration, a higher dose will not lead to a better result. Their practical use is mainly in the form of foliar fertilizer preparations. In addition to their many beneficial properties, one of the most important is that they do not have any environmental side effects. Therefore, it can be used risk-free in all crops as a crop safety enhancer.
Humic acids also play a useful role in feeding
Humic acid also helps in the utilization of feed. It is common to hear from livestock farmers that pigs or juvenile cattle consume the specified amount of feed, but there is no adequate weight gain or animal health problems. The explanation for this is simple: microelement levels have decreased in intensively cultivated soils, including forage crops. So farm animals are given nutrient-poor feed, and that little is not used well by the body. This problem can be eliminated by mixing humic acid-based products in feed. Humic acid preparations obtained from natural material have proven antiviral and antibacterial effects. At the same time, they also strengthen the immune system, but their detoxifying and estrogenic effects are also worth mentioning, which is why the use of humic acids in feeding is justified.
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